As the world advanced, the urgency in manipulating the forest for exploit became a necessity . The need to provide good road networks, build houses, obtain wood from trees and a ton of other uses. Man gradually started the process of deforestation. At first, it was seen as a good step towards world development and advancement.
DEFORESTATION, a permanent removal of trees to make room for development. These activities has been beneficial , we have gained and also lost. Deforestation has contributed to the climate change significantly and it is not only limited to a specific geographical region, but the global atmosphere. It affects the entire system; the sun, rainfall, oceans and the forests.
We are gradually reaping the reward of deforestation as the world experiences global warming, climate changes and there is a need to slow pace this happenings. Trees are a major component of the forest and are at the forefront of the race to save humanity.
CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION
The most prominent is the use of forest for agricultural purposes; farming ( crop and animal rearing ). The purpose we can agree is good, but we are sacrificing the long term goals of saving a tree for a short term goal. Is it worth it? Animals grazing and reducing plant life span.
Another cause of deforestation is mining. Advancement in technology has led men into extracting mineral resources with value at the expense of the earth. Aside man made causes of tree displacement, there are also natural causes such as;
EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION
- Bush burning creates infused carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which is harmful to the human body.
- The process of deforestation posses a potential threat to the extinction of certain species as the forest is a home to many.
- Increases and aids air pollution. A major contaminant of the human health.
- Constant practice can leave the land barren and infertile.
Rising up to this challenge and counter acting this created problem, is REFORESTATION.
The process of planting trees in areas or region where they grew initially. Simply put, it is the act of replanting trees. A deliberate and intentional process to save the forest.
REFORESTATION will serve as a second chance for humanity, by providing as much green coverage as we have lost or even more if we are willing to put the work. The forest plays a major role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem and is therefore essential. We are all part of a whole and in restoring the forest, one of its effect is the maintenance of the water cycle by preventing soil erosion.
Save a Tree because;
• It aids clean water
• It aids clean air
• It creates job opportunities
• It sequester carbon dioxide emitted in the air
• It increases the property value
• Improves aesthetics of the surroundings
• It aids in temperature control
• It provides natural home for habitat
With a twin approach to Reforestation births AFORESTATION. The process of planting trees in areas in which they previously did not exist. This is a measure taken to also combat the shortcomings of Deforestation. Not only should we replant, it suggests that we should plant in new territories. As more trees are cut down, more should be planted.
The best trees for optimal utilisation of the REFORESTATION and AFORESTATION process include but are not limited to; Firstly, using identical/ matching plants in the specific region. The selective process must include replanting native plants and trees rather than foreign plants. For dry regions such as deserts, plants that require little or no water are effectively utilized.
Be that as it may, we should bear in mind that these new trees will not make the same biographical contribution as the first. The previous trees on most occasions were removed several years back and the new trees do not have the capacity to make of for the time lapses. The new tree can only grow. Sadly, some species might be lost forever both animal and plant. We are not out of the woods as both process have negative impact on the system.
If proper research is not carried out before planting, it can lead to a permanent damage on the land. So in moving past this gridlock not only are we encouraged to plant trees but to study the eras where we plant. Our key is our education . Trees should not be arraigned indiscriminately.
Take the stand today, create awareness, get your shovel, seeds and water ready. Plant a tree and save the ecosystem.
REFORESTATION over DEFORESTATION.