Artificial intelligence has gained and broken grounds over the past years as a revolutionary technology, from the various advantages which it has given mankind.
Despite the fact that many have not gotten a handle on the full comprehension of the term AI, it’s already in use in our daily activities such as online shopping, computerized house gadgets, in present-day self-driving cars and on our smartphones as an assistant.
For some, AI only includes robots. You can’t blame them; it is evidence of sci-fi movies. AI is the key to human advancement not only in areas of robotics and androids but also in all sectors particularly Education. In the case of Nigeria educational system, the impact of the pandemic crippled the struggling educational sector. Education in this country has been a major issue way before the pandemic. With ceaseless strikes for public varsities or the exceptionally costly tuition fees of the private varsities which many can’t afford to the unconducive learning environment of public secondary schools, overpopulation and in some cases insufficient manpower whereby the school is understaffed.
The Educational system is a fundamental institution of the society. It prepares future leaders, and competent hands to run the affairs of the state sooner or later. We can never learn too much. That is why the system needs to be preserved.
Artificial intelligence is already being put to the test in developed countries and causing a ripple effect for them. By incorporating this technology to the Nigerian educational system, the goal should be to improve the standard of learning and efficiency but is this attainable?
As with any modern day technology, funding is usually pricey. Is Nigeria ready to prepare fat budget to take our educational system way up the chart? The vision for this project is to derive the best possible way for learning. The future is technology and it is important now more than ever that our citadels of learning are exposed to utilize this innovations.
Incorporating AI into the educational system will address certain issues which have over the years been left untended to for one, AI differentiation. In a typical Nigerian Classroom, the learning power varies from one child to the other, but the teaching methods are not differentiated. Even when they are, the number of students outweighs the teaching strength of the teacher. With the introduction of AI, to some extent, the learning scheme can be designed to meet specific needs. Customized to serve a particularity. AI would also serve as systems for inclusion, enabling those with disabilities also partake in the educational process with tailored schemes.
Another area of impact would be grading and assessment. Teachers at all levels are burdened with the obligation of reviewing and evaluating their students. This is a tedious activity owing to the fact that the number of students assigned to these teachers are in most occasions beyond their capacity. Imagine a class in History with more than (300) students at the university level being taken care of by one teacher or a secondary class of a hundred and twenty students (120), you would concur with me that it tends to be exceptionally exhausting. To meet up, teachers disseminate these papers back to their “trusted students” to either help them grade papers or record test scores to fulfill their duties because of time constraints. This act is unethical, but has somehow become the norm.
However, how would they be able to cope? This goes on to verify how our system has failure us. AI will possibly erase these shortcomings with special software features designed to perform these functions efficiently.
When it comes to the impact of emerging technology specifically AI in Nigeria educational system, there are several reservations. Socio-political, Ethical and Economic. We begin to wonder. Would it be a means for the government to explore its citizens? Is it for a selected set of students and would it be properly utilized or just for making money? If properly used, we are talking about a country where
- Students are equipped with computerized abilities to keep abreast with the constantly changing technology. They become at par with their peers in other parts of the world
- Survival Skills, leading them to be future inventors and problem solvers
- The interaction between students and AI assistance creates a fun learning environment and in some way motivates, providing the student opportunities to intellectual doors
- Learning is not limited to particulars, but a wide range. Irrespective of time and location. The internet is a hub of data and is absent of restrictions.
- New possibilities and a broader spectrum to navigate life and increase productivity for an improved standard of living.
- A class with fewer notebooks and more of computerized accessories
- A system of real time and quick dessemination of information and ideas without human limitations.
- Processing speed beyond human level and so much more
The above vantages could be our nation’s but presently, not all schools have great ICT room or can flaunt having enough PC frameworks for the whole school. How at that point would we be able to accomplish effectiveness in an innovation that is provoked by computer software and program to act and think like humans?
Education has no restrictions, and AI can assist with disposing of limits. Innovation brings extreme changes and having computer based intelligence will give the Nigerian student access to streams of educational data. This is the future goal. Are we ready for such changes, to move a step further in changing our lives and the standards of education in Nigeria?
A study published by eSchool News indicates that by 2021, the application of AI in education and learning will be increased by 47.5%. A positive development for Nigeria is to work on the inadequacies on the achievements of integrating AI into the system for all. It would be costly, however over the long haul a deep-rooted achievement for ages unborn. We should not be worried about simple things like AI taking over and hijacking the system. The teaching profession is a noble one and would still thrive.
Teachers involvement in education is based on experiences and social interactions which AI cannot give. AI should be perceived as an assistant rather than a dictator. The eventual fate of AI isn’t as opposition among people as perceived or as a superior, but as all things considered, similarly as with different sectors where artificial intelligence is employed, its part in education is to engage people and empower them to learn more. Simply put to get the best.
For the meantime, the adaptation of this innovation might be slow but with time, the future we anticipate shall become our present life.
No one but time can tell a definitive effect of AI in the educational system.