Man has been bothered by the issue of freedom for so long. Whether it exists or not especially now, when decision making concerning all areas of our life are said to be made freely. This demonstrated in our Religion, Political inclination and Sexuality. Freedom is the act of self choice. An ability to choose without external constraint.
Freedom as an idea has been utilized for various reasons. As an authentic weapon utilized in the possession of political perpetuators. From whatever point Freedom is seen, achieving absolute Freedom will always pose an issue.
Take for instance: The government enforcing a compulsory act of wearing face-mask. Is this act done freely by its citizen? Are the citizens given a choice? Is the Law an adversary to our Freedom?
On the other end is the concept of Determinism which states that all events are the necessary result of previous causes. This hypothesis expresses that there is actually nothing of the sort as Freedom. My choice and activities are required, because my conduct is determined. I case of I act this way because I was made to be this way. Does this sound familiar?
Simply put, I have no control over my actions because they are either influenced by my biological and psychological composition or an effect of my environment or even God’s will. A term mostly known as destiny. To understand this, is to understand the different types of determinism
Metaphysical Determinism is the belief that we are all linked. Everything is interrelated and man as a
living being is determined by nature.
Hard Determinism points to the fact that we have no moral responsibility over our decisions, since we have no control over these decisions. How then can we be held responsible for them?
Theological Determinism is a widespread theory. One that states how God has decided how man is
Expected to live his life and his every action. This determined plan reflects in how he lives his life.
Psychological Determinism. Sigmund Fred denies human freedom and free actions which according to him are ‘simply effects of blind instinctive impulses-the libido’.
Ethical Determinism is a type of determinism that stresses on the fact that man’s actions are determined by actions which he considers good. A man will always choose what he feels is good. On the off chance that anyone dismisses a good thing, it is on the grounds that he has seen an abhorrent viewpoint in it and he dismisses it as a result of the underhanded perspective. Socrates likewise says it is ignorance that causes individuals to pick evil over good.
Something to contemplate on.
If all of man’ actions are so decided, why does he feels remorseful and laments when things go bad? For what reason would it be that he is accused, denounced or advocated for his success and shortcomings?
The bone of contention remains. IS MAN REALLY FREE?
According to Jean Paul Sartre, man is condemned to be free. His existence precedes his essence. This means he makes of his life what he wants. He is the sole designer of his prosperity or his misfortune. Freedom in some cases may not be attainable but it is not absolute. Whatever decision we make, w are accountable for because we are always placed with alternative choices.
Consider this scenario; A student with an examination question containing multiple choices. He has from A-D to choose. From this, we can see he has limited options but ultimately, he makes a decision from the alternative presented.
The distinguishing factor between man and animals is his will and intellect, which makes him undetermined. At the point when we consider choice we don’t consider simple irregularity. Free decisions aren’t unpredictable ones, right? Nor are they dubious: on the off chance that I accept that I settle on free decisions, it is on the grounds that I feel that my decisions are controlled by me. A free decision is one controlled by my inclinations, likes, detests, character, and so on, rather than another person’s or other outside powers.
If you consider this topic a rather absurd one, I urge you to ponder on it.
The insurgencies going on in Nigeria, are they determined events or free-willed act by these individuals? After these perpetrators are apprehended we often hear statements like “it was the devil’s handwork” “It wasn’t done with my senses”. I beg to ask. Is the Devil now a Puppeteer or do our senses just fly out of us?
In spite of the fact that we can do what we need, we are not allowed to pick what we need. Our needs are directed by what we attracted to and what we repel, and our preferences are personalized. Just like fishes at sea, which are modified to like and subsequently need water for sustenance, we also are customized to like and need what our qualities and our societies consider satisfactory. Besides, it is difficult to need something and yet not want to attain to such needs. It’s absolutely impossible to turn that desire off. Our needs is a consistent driving force, as steady as gravity, convincing us to do what we do for a long time. Ultimately, we feed and thrive on our FREEWILL. Think about that.